Posted by: Dave Richeson | March 4, 2009

Top 8 most popular polygons

Web surfers love lists—best Twitter apps, best albums, greatest films, world’s richest, best colleges (no, wait, we’re not supposed to like this list). So, I thought I’d serve up a list for my audience.

The top 8 most popular polygons.

My inspiration

The idea for this list came to me while my kids were watching the DVD from They Might be Giants called Here Come The 123s. It features the song “Nonagon.”

I first posted this video back in September. I wrote:

(I feel bad for Heptagon, who apparently wasn’t invited to the party.)

I started thinking about that again. Both of my kids (one of whom is 2 years old) know what an octagon is, but I doubt my college students know the heptagon.

The rules

So, I decided to google the terms and see which polygons received the most hits. The more hits, the more popular the term.

There are a few problems. The first is that some of these words have nongeometric meanings like triangle and pentagon. Second, certain polygons have more than one name (rectangle, quadrilateral, tetragon, quadrangle).

To solve the first problem I entered the term geometry before the name of the polygon (for example I searched for geometry pentagon).* To solve the second problem I added the number of search results for each of the terms. Neither of these is a perfect solution, but hey, this is just a blog and not a submission to [name your favorite elite mathematical journal].

The list

So here they are (drum roll, please), the top eight most popular polygons with 10 or fewer sides.

  1. Triangle/trigon (3 sides)—2,633,500 Google hits
  2. Rectangle/quadrilateral/tetragon/quadrangle (4 sides)—1,748,450 hits
  3. Hexagon (6 sides)—323,000 hits
  4. Pentagon (5 sides)—276,000 hits
  5. Octagon (8 sides)—90,400 hits
  6. Decagon (10 sides)—39,700 hits
  7. Heptagon (7 sides)—30,600 hits
  8. Nonagon/enneagon (9 sides)—14,750 hits

Here is a graph to illustrate the relative popularity of the n-gons.

picture-2

How are polygons named?

One thing I found interesting while searching for information about polygons was their naming conventions. Here is what I found.

3 trigon, triangle
4 tetragon, quadrilateral, quadrangle
5 pentagon
6 hexagon
7 heptagon
8 octagon
9 nonagon, enneagon
10 decagon
11 hendecagon
12 dodecagon
13 triskaidecagon, tridecagon
14 tetrakaidecagon, tetradecagon
15 pentakaidecagon, pentadecagon
16 hexakaidecagon, hexadecagon
17 heptakaidecagon, heptadecaon
18 octakaidecagon, octadecagon
19 enneakaidecagon, enneadecgon
20 icosagon
30 triacontagon
40 tetracontagon
50 pentacontagon
60 hexacontagon
70 heptacontagon
80 octacontagon
90 enneacontagon
100 hectogon, hecatontagon
1000 chiliagon
10000 myriagon

Apparently there are two naming conventions (one with kai’s and one without). For example, a polygon with 47 sides would be called tetracontakaiheptagon or a tetracontaheptagon (of course, in practice mathematicians usually opt for the more compact and boring 47-gon). From what I can tell it was John Conway and Antreas Hatzipolakis who completed the namings up to the millions.

*At some point in the future I would like to play around with Google’s search, and figure out (to the best of my ability) how it deals with and/or/not/parentheses, and write about it on this blog. To give you a taste, I performed the following four searches and got the the following results:

  • geometry pentagon: 265,000
  • geometry and pentagon: 272,000
  • pentagon geometry: 269,000
  • pentagon and geometry: 271,000
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Responses

  1. [...] Tangents. Post from a student blog about finding tangents without Calculus. Division by Zero, Top 8 Most Popular Polygons. Fun with Google Trends: poor, unloved [...]

  2. “Both of my kids (one of whom is 2 years old) know what an octagon is, but I doubt my college students know the heptagon.”

    Really? And should college students care about such trivia? Perhaps we need to stop caring about names that don’t add any meaning. Lets just call it a 7-gon and be happy.

    • I agree. Why should a 4th or 5th grader need to know this. Half of the students I teach can’t tell me the difference between a rectangle and a rectangular prism. They have had this taught to them at this school since they were in I know second grade. Mathematicians are trying to push skills down lower and lower, and mentally children are not developmentally ready for this skill.

  3. And in fact, a quick google suggests that 7-gon and 9-gon are each more popular then heptagon and nonagon.

  4. [...] Nonagon by They Might be Giants (which I posted in this blog post). Of course, they have a full CD/DVD of math songs: Here Come the [...]


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